Project: National Platform for Knowledge Triangle in Serbia

Acronym Application year Grant Reference number Duration Scope Project status
KNOWTS 2009 878892.0 JP 158881 - 2009 3 years National finalized
Eligibility period start Eligibility period end Extended until Website Facebook
January 15, 2010 January 14, 2013 July 14, 2013 http://knowts.elfak.ni.ac.rs/

Project summary

Having identified needs and problems in the Serbian society, and having formed a competent consortium for demonstration of knowledge triangle power in modern European society we have proposed the wider objectives of our project as:

  • to straighten the role of Universities in the Serbian society by using University capacities in economy development,
  • to improve synergy between research, education and innovation in Serbia, and
  • to enhance the quality of organization in research, education and innovation.

To realize wider objectives, the following specific objectives were set:

  • to gather all relevant stakeholders in research, education and innovation in Serbia
  • to establish national platform for knowledge triangle
  • to rise awareness on knowledge triangle importance
  • to develop links between policy-making bodies, higher education, research institutions and companies
  • to develop organizational structure for knowledge transfer at the main Serbian Universities.


The KNOWTS consortium is composed of 13 partners from 6 different countries. Consortium members from Serbia are four biggest universities from the main centres of Serbia (Nis, Belgrade, Novi Sad and Kragujevac), but also institutions that will, together with participating universities, ensure full competence for the undertaken activities at national level (National Council for Higher Education, Serbian Economy Chamber, Ministry of Science and technology Development, Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Society). Participating universities from EU countries (Germany, Austria, Spain, Portugal and UK) have offered their expertise, based on experience in knowledge transfer area in their countries and in their own institutions. Their main contribution will be in terms of promoting their best practice, providing retraining for Serbian professors, researchers and Knowledge transfer center staff, participating in joint review of the material prepared at Serbian universities, quality control of Knowledge transfer centers and project management. All institutions involved in the project have competences resulting from their participation in various national and international projects.

Objectives

  • To gather all relevant stakeholders in research, education and innovation in Serbia
  • To establish national platform for knowledge triangle
  • To rise awareness on knowledge triangle importance
  • To develop links between policy-making bodies, higher education, research institutions and companies
  • To develop organizational structure for knowledge transfer at the main Serbian Universities

Programme

Programme
TEMPUS PROGRAMME
Subprogramme
Joint Project-Higher Education and Society

Subject areas

  • University Strategic Planning
  • University-Industry Links

Partners

University of Nis, SRB Project coordinator
Ivan Milentijevic Contact person, Milorad Tosic, Vladimir Ciric, Teufik Tokic (Теуфик Токић), Nenad D. Pavlovic (Ненад Павловић), Dragan Jankovic, Vlastimir Nikolic (Властимир Николић), Dragan Antic (Драган Антић), Dragan Denic, Vesna Lopicic (Весна Лопичић), Miroljub Grozdanovic, and Oliver Vojinovic
University of Belgrade, SRB
Zeljko Djurovic Contact person, Vera Dondur, Miodrag Popovic, Gordana Danilovic Grkovic, and Jelica Protic
University of Kragujevac, SRB
Miroslav Babic Contact person, Mirko Blagojevic, Dragan Milosavljevic, and Dusan Gordic (Dušan Gordić)
University of Novi Sad, SRB
Veljko Malbasa Contact person, Vojin Senk (Војин Шенк), Miroslav Veskovic (Miroslav Vesković), and Maja Kondic
Ministry of Science and Technological Development, SRB
Viktor Nedovic
Ministry of Telecommunication and Information Society, SRB
Lazo Manojlovic
National Council for Higher Education of the Republic of Serbia, SRB
Srdjan Stankovic
Serbian Chamber of Commerce, SRB
Irena Dukanac
Canterbury Christ Church University, UK
Instituto Superior Técnico, PRT
Technical University Dortmund, DE
University of Alicante, ES
Vienna University of Technology, AUT
European Centre for Soft Computing, AUT

Equipment

University of Nis
Title Model Equipment type Quantity Location
PC PC HP Compaq 6200 Pro MT IT equipment - desktop computer 12 Rectorate (2), Centre for Technology Transfer(3), Faculty of Electronics (7)
Monitor Monitor DELL U2412M IT equipment – other 18 Rectorate (2), Centre for Technology Transfer(4), Faculty of Electronics (12)
Laptop Laptop Toshiba Portege Z 830 IT equipment - notebook computer 5 Rectorate (1), Centre for Technology Transfer(2), Faculty of Electronics (2)
Keyboard Keyboard LOGITECH K750 IT equipment – other 9 Centre for Technology Transfer (2), Faculty of Electronics (7)
Server Server DELL OptiPlex 390MT IT equipment – server 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Network equipment Network device Cisco Catalyst 2960 IT equipment – other 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Laptop Laptop Asus Eee pad transformer IT equipment - notebook computer 5 Centre for Technology Transfer (3), Faculty of Electronics (2)
Copy machine Copy machine Konica Minolta bizhub 36 IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 2 Centre for Technology Transfer, Faculty of Electronics
Printer Printer Konica Minolta bizhub 20P IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Projector Projector Epson EB-1775 Audio, Video and Communication equipment – projector and TV 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Server Server IBM x3550 M3 IT equipment – server 3 Centre for Technology Transfer
System storage IBM system storage DS3524 Express IT equipment – other 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Network equipment Network device Cisco catalyst 2960S IT equipment – other 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Network equipment Network device Cisco 2901 UC Bundle IT equipment – other 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Rack Rack for computer and network equipment IT equipment – other 1 Centre for Technology Transfer
Graphic card Graphic Card NVIDIA Quadro NVS 295 IT equipment – other 5 Faculty of Electronics
Network equipment Network device Linksys N-900 IT equipment – other 4 Faculty of Electronics (3) ,Center for Technology transfer (1)
University of Belgrade
Title Model Equipment type Quantity Location
Workstation HP Compaq 6200 Pro MT IT equipment - desktop computer 19 Faculty of electrical engineering (14), Rectorate (5)
Workstation NVIDIA Quadro NVS 295 256MB PCIe IT equipment - desktop computer 3 Faculty of electrical engineering (2), Rectorate (1)
Workstation DELL U2412M UltraSharp IPS LED IT equipment - desktop computer 19 Faculty of electrical engineering (14), Rectorate (5)
Notebook Toshiba Portégé Z830-11M IT equipment - notebook computer 6 Faculty of electrical engineering (4), Rectorate (2)
Notebook Asus Eee Pad Transformer Prime TF201 IT equipment - notebook computer 4 Faculty of electrical engineering (3), Rectorate (1)
Notebook Case for Eee Pad Transformer Prime TF201 IT equipment - notebook computer 4 Faculty of electrical engineering (3), Rectorate (1)
Server IBM x3550 M3 p/n 794412G-NM1U IT equipment – server 1 Rectorate
Server IBM 1TB 2.5in SFF HS 7.2K 6Gbps NL SATA IT equipment – server 2 Rectorate
Switch Cisco Catalyst 2960 IT equipment – other 1 Rectorate
Switch Cisco Catalyst 3560X IT equipment – other 1 Rectorate
Router Mikrotik RB1100AHx2 IT equipment – other 1 Faculty of electrical engineering
Router Rack and equipment IT equipment – other 1 Rectorate
Printer Konica Minolta bizhub 20P IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 4 Faculty of electrical engineering (2), Rectorate (2)
Copy machine Konica Minolta bizhub 36 IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 2 Faculty of electrical engineering, Rectorate
Projector Epson EB-1880 with additional spare lamp Audio, Video and Communication equipment – projector and TV 2 Faculty of electrical engineering, Rectorate
Projector carrier Sony Vega CM 25-930 Audio, Video and Communication equipment – other 3 Faculty of electrical engineering, Rectorate
Projector canvas Sony Vega 213 Tripod S200 Audio, Video and Communication equipment – other 4 Faculty of electrical engineering, Rectorate
University of Kragujevac
Title Model Equipment type Quantity Location
PC HP Compaq 6200 Pro MT PC, Intel core i5 CPU, i5-2400, 4GB ddr3-1333 (1x4GB) RAM, 1 TB 7200RPM SATA -6G HDD, Supermulti DVDRW, FreeLnx OS, Keyboard LOGITECH K750, PS/2 Optical Mouse IT equipment - desktop computer 3 Faculty of engineering sciences
Graphic card NVIDIA Quadro NVS 295 256MB PCle Graphics Card, HP part no. Fy943AA IT equipment – other 2 Faculty of engineering sciences
Monitor DELL U2412 M ultrasharp IPS Led IT equipment – other 5 Faculty of engineering sciences
Laptop Toshiba Portege Z830 intel core i5 CPU, i5-2467M, 4GB DDR3-1333 Ram, SSD 128GB IT equipment - notebook computer 2 Faculty of engineering sciences
PC IBM x3550 M3 1U x 19" rack mountable, 2 x XEON 4C E5603 80W 1.6 ghz/1066 Mhz 4MB CPU, 32GB (4x8GB) PC 3L-10600 CL9 Ecc DDR3 1333 mhz LP RDIMM, 2x redundant power supply, CD/DVD read/burn drive, Qlogic iSCSI Dual Port PCie HBA for systemx IT equipment – server 2 Faculty of engineering sciences
HDD IBM 250GB, 2.5 in SFF HS 7.2 K 6Gbps NL SATA HDD IT equipment – other 2 Faculty of engineering sciences
System storage IBM system storage DS 3524 express dual controller storage system, 2x1GB iscsI 4 port Daughter card, 4x1TB, 2.5 in 7.2 K 6GB NL SAS HDD IT equipment – other 1 Faculty of engineering sciences
Switch Cisco 2901 W/2 GE 4EHWIC, 2 DSP, AC power supply, 512 MB DRAM, 256MB compact flash IT equipment – other 1 Faculty of engineering sciences
Wifi Router Linksys N-900 Dual band W/G & USB, mod. EA4500 IT equipment – other 1 Faculty of engineering sciences
Rack Standing rack 19" Comteg RF-80/100, 27U width 800mm, depth 1000 mm with additional equipment IT equipment – other 1 Faculty of engineering sciences
Printer Konica Minolta bizhub 20P, PCL/PS/NIC, tray 1 (250 sheets) paper output 151 sheets, duplex unit, min. 32 MB ram, black toner full capacity (8k/5%) additional spare toner full capacity, TNP -24 (8k/5%) IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 1 Faculty of engineering sciences
Copy machine Konica Minolta bizhub 223, BW A4/A3 MFPNICUniv. trays (2x500) Duplex UnitBypass2GB RAM Document FeederBlack toner full capacity (yield ca. 17.5k /6%)additional spare toner full capacity TN-217(17.5k / 6%) IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 1 Faculty of engineering sciences
Projector Epson EB-1880,additional spare lamp Audio, Video and Communication equipment – projector and TV 1 Faculty of engineering sciences
University of Novi Sad
Title Model Equipment type Quantity Location
Workstation HP Compaq 6200 PRO MT PC; NVIDIDA Quadro NVS 295; DEL U2412M IT equipment - desktop computer 8 Faculty of Technical Sciences
Workstation HP Compaq 8200 IT equipment - desktop computer 2 Faculty of Technical Sciences
Notebook Toshiba Portege Y830-11M IT equipment - notebook computer 7 Faculty of Technical Sciences
Notebook Asus Eee Pad Transformer Primer with case IT equipment - notebook computer 3 University of Novi Sad
Notebook HP Slate 2 IT equipment - notebook computer 1 Rectorate
Server IBM x3550 M3 IT equipment – server 2 Academic computer centre University of Novi Sad
Server IBM 1TB SATA HDD IT equipment – server 4 Academic computer centre University of Novi Sad
Switch Cisco Catalyst 2960 IT equipment – other 2 Academic computer centre University of Novi Sad
Switch LC Connector SX transciever IT equipment – other 1 Academic computer centre University of Novi Sad
Wireless Router Linksys N-900 IT equipment – other 1 Faculty of Technical Sciences
Printer Konika Minolta bizhub 20P IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 2 Faculty of Technical Sciences
Copy machine Konika Minolta bizhub 223 IT equipment – printers, scanners, multifunctional devices 1 Faculty of Technical Sciences
Projector Epson EB-1880 Audio, Video and Communication equipment – projector and TV 1 Faculty of Technical Sciences
Projector Additional lamp Audio, Video and Communication equipment – other 1 Faculty of Technical Sciences

Resources

Resource title Resource type Keywords Authors
Know How Transfer in Dortmund Paper Know how, transfer, leasons learned, experience, effects, analysis Department of Computer Science, TU Dortmund University
Abstract
Executive Statements: 10 Lessons Learned "10 criteria for success" - lessons learned from the presentations and discussions during the meeting in Dortmund, June 2010: 1. The early consensus between all regional stakeholders - in particular: City, TU Dortmund, and Chamber of Industry & Commerce - about the overall transfer strategy and the most promising activities has been fundamental ("Dortmund consensus"). 2. Universities (TU, FH) and numerous research institutes are at the centre of the change process. Their impact on the climate of innovation, human resources and entrepreneurial activities is essential. 3. Starting point is a fair analyse facts and figures; avoid the wishful thinking-trap. 4. It is of paramount relevance to identify those competences that offer prospects of growth and competitiveness and to follow a cluster approach while strengthening these strengths. 5. The city-run start-up competitions ("start2grow") encourage entrepreneurship and are worth the considerable efforts and investments. 6. Cluster initiatives on a federal and state level offer considerable financial perspectives (subsidies) for innovations. They complement local activities and leverage local potentials. 7. Financial partners (Venture Capital, Sparkasse Dortmund) bring in money and experience. 8. Improve the quality of life ("Phoenix-West" etc.) attracts and bonds high-skilled (knowledge) workers. 9. Investments in infrastructure radiate an atmosphere of dynamic and encourage private investments. 10. Knowledge transfer and change management is a process and needs time to unfold (evolutionary perspective). It is essential to find the right balance between firmness and adaptability to changing requirements.
Know How Transfer in Austria Paper Know how, transfer, leasons learned, experience, effects, analysis, Austria P. Kopacek
Abstract
The Austrian government has recognized approximately 40 years ago the necessity of cooperative research between universities and research centres as well as the industry, preferably small and medium-sized enterprises (SME´s). Especially in the field of High Technologies there was a big gap between these two worlds. Since that time the Austrian government started several initiatives to close this gap. In the following a short overview about this actions as well as some results are given and shortly discussed.
The Evolution of the Infrastructure of the Knowledge Exchange System Book Evolution, Infrastructure, Knowledge, Exchange, System
Abstract
Some days I read that we at HEFCE are funding 1,000s of Intellectual Property (IP) managers. Who are managing around £56M in licensing income. I think- outrageous. But then I think of the diversity of our universities and colleges, of their subjects and of their partners in society and the economy. And then I think - hang on, are these all focussed so intently on Intellectual Property that they need 1,000s of specialist IP managers? Clearly not - as this report from the Cambridge Centre for Business Research and PACEC consultants describes. The report tries to capture the wide range of engagements between higher education and societies and the economy - and the support in place for research translation, development of human capital, soft networks, provision of facilities and civic and community outreach. Such engagements generated at least £2.25Bn in total value for the economy and society in 2007-08. Not that we at HEFCE or HEI leaders and managers should be complacent. HEFCE provides around 2% of its funds from Government to help HEIs support their engagements with the wider world. This complements project support from such as Research Councils and Regional Development Agencies. We all need to maximise efficiency and effectiveness, both in engagement work and in the underpinning research and teaching. Improving strategic and operational efficiency is critical. A key part of that is getting the right balances between academics and professional staffs, so that the academics feel supported in their creative roles and the institutions are comfortable with the financial, legal and other consequences of engagements. We hope that this report will help with this development process."
Transfer of knowledge and technology: Current state at the University of Nis Study / Analysis Know how, transfer, leasons learned, experience, effects, analysis
Abstract
Activities of knowledge and technology transfer at the University of Nis are carried out at institutes within the frame of technical faculties, especially at Faculty of Electronic Engineering and Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. Their activities include realization of various projects, as well as consulting related to different fields of electrical and mechanical engineering and information technologies. Main experiences have been acquired through R&D projects financed by Serbian Ministry of Science and Technological development, joint projects with companies, few European projects financed by EC, continuous education of engineers and regular organization of international conferences. The Faculty for occupational safety and the Faculty of Technology (Leskovac) are also included in technology transfer activities in ecology, food production and pharmaceutics. Most of activities are accomplished within the frame of Faculties, and there is no organizational structure at the University level. The initiative of technical Faculties on establishment of University Technology Transfer Center in the Campus of Technical Faculties on the location next the Faculty of Electronic Engineering is the crucial one for the future development of the University and economy in South East Serbia. The memorandum on understanding between the Ministry of Science and Technological Development, the City of Nis and the University of Nis has been signed two months ago. The investment of 12 million euro by the Government of the Republic of Serbia should be used for the building of the Technology Transfer Center. Within the frame of the KNOWTS project, activities on establishment of TTC organizational structure have been started recently. Documents for the legal basis of future TTC operation are prepared for the University Council and it is expected to be accepted by the end of 2010. EU Members of the KNOWTS Management Team will be members of the International Advisory Board of the University TTC with aim to provide networking and give support in future applications for EU projects. University management is trying to reinforce Business Incubator Center which was founded in 2005 and was not so successful in its mission. The main reason why University of Nis is trying to help BIC is the wish to encourage and support students in starting up their own businesses and keep them stay in South Serbia. The University of Nis plans to establish Technology Transfer Office by KNOWTS project support. The main task
Know How transfer in Alicante Study / Analysis Know how, transfer, leasons learned, experience, effects, analysis, innovation
Abstract
The University of Alicante (UA) has more than 3,000 employees dedicated to provide quality education to almost 40,000 students every year. It offers graduate, postgraduate and doctoral studies in a wide range of subjects under the six faculties, five university schools in the province and 75 departments. Besides delivering knowledge to and shaping the future of the students, UA has been paying extra attention to the research and innovation management. Understanding the importance and the impact of innovation, research and development to the society, an approximate €18 million budget has been allocated to scientific research activities in UA where hosts five research centres in the field of Water, Environment, Geographical Analysis and International Economy. Moreover, the university owns an Industrial Experimentation Area and provides a range of research services such as Pilots Plants, Laboratories, Data Process Centre, Advanced Information and Documentation Systems, European Data Centre, Science Park, Employment Advisory Office, Business Training Area, Transfer of Research Results Office, and a Mediterranean European Link Centre. In order to efficiently manage the research and innovation activities leaded by over 200 research teams at 15 research institutes of UA, the Secretary of Scientific Instrumentation and Technology, Secretary of Technology and Research Transfer and Secretary of Institutional Development and Promotion of Research under the Office of Vice President for Research, Development and Innovation are to supervise some 700 research projects funded by public institutions as well as industrial partners. In addition, UA is committed to promoting university research, supporting the creation of spin‐off companies, linking technology brokerage, providing continuous professional development…etc. Among the three Secretaries, the Secretary of Technology and Research Transfer are specially deployed to innovation support service together with its five sub‐units, especially the Science Park and Technology Transfer Office (TTO) that are in mutual cooperation. Sitting next to the main campus of UA, the proximity enables the Science Park to have efficient communication with and maximum support from the university. The establishment of the Park, which is specialised in research activities of industry, humanities, socio‐economy, life and environment, and basic sciences, is to attract technology‐based companies and activities, stimulate the growing of local advanced technology companies, encourage the creation of innovative companies as well as provide assistance in development, transfer and use of advanced technology and knowledge. The five divisions of the Park facilitate the knowledge flow, communication between public and private sectors, creation of new technology‐based business or spin‐off processes, by providing technical as well as administrative and management services, such as, science and technology consulting service, patent registration consulting service, legislation consulting service, accounting, consultation of setting up business, translation services, training courses, hazardous and toxic waste disposal…etc.
Transfer of knowledge and technology: Experience of the University of Belgrade, Serbia Study / Analysis Know how, transfer, leasons learned, experience, effects, analysis, innovation
Abstract
Activities of knowledge and technology transfer at the University of Belgrade are performed through two innovation centers and one incubator. The innovation centers are located at the schools of electrical and mechanical engineering, while the incubator is founded by four technical schools (for civil, electrical, mechanical engineering and the school for technology and metallurgy). The Business Technology Incubator of Technical Faculties Belgrade has been established as a partnership between the four technical faculties of the University of Belgrade (Civil Engineering, Mechanical, Electrical and Technological/Metallurgical), the Municipality of Palilula and the Democratic Transition Initiative, and the establishment has also received support from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Establishment of Incubator based on international experiences and best practices has the following goals: • To encourage and support students in starting up their own businesses and keep them stay in Serbia • To develop a pool of young and well trained entrepreneurs who will in the future create a new business core of the city • To create the conditions for practical application of the results obtained through science and research activities of university professors and their associates, by spinning-off private enterprises and transfer of knowledge and technologies. The aim of the Incubators is to give support in the early stages of business development in the form of subsidized overhead (office and research space and technological and telecommunication infrastructure), administrative assistance (legal, accounting, etc.), as well as business counseling (planning, management, marketing, etc.). The Incubator has been given its own space in the Campus of Technical Faculties Belgrade, Ruzveltova 1A. Innovation center of the School of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, founded in Jun 2006, represents organization that applies scientific results in order to produce new or improved existing products, processes and services. The main task of Innovation center is to implement scientific technical and technological knowledge, invention and creativity in order to improve the technological resources of Republic of Serbia. The Innovation center is capable of taking a part in diversity of scientific areas of research. In order with requirements of modern research methodology, it provides high professional human resources, adequate premises, equipment, internet, communication connections, labs and other resources necessary for proper projects' management.
Knowledge Transfer at the University of Novi Sad Study / Analysis Know how, transfer, leasons learned, experience, effects, analysis, innovation, knowledge triangle, national platform
Abstract
Overview of the Knowledge Transfer activities at the University of Novi Sad The first activity towards establishing the Knowledge Transfer сystem at the University of Novi Sad started immediately after democratic changes in Serbia in back 2000. University of Novi Sad was assigned the task of establishing the Strategy of Implementation of Innovation Centres in Serbia for the Ministry of Science, Technology and Development of Serbia, 2001‐2002. Coordinator of the task force was prof. Vojin Šenk, and participants included prof. Miroslav Despotović, prof. Ladislav Novak and prof. Rado Maksimović. The project has, for the first time, defined Science & Technology Parks, Business & Technology Incubators, as well as Innovation Centres as the focal point of the so‐called Technology Transfer process in Serbia. An immediate follow‐up of the project was a Tempus JEP project \
Report on Technology Transfer at University of Kragujevac Study / Analysis transfer of knowledge and technologies, industry, digital/rapid technologies, product and process development, quality control and certification of products
Abstract
Current state at University of Kragujevac in the area of transfer of knowledge and technologies Among other efficient interfaces with the industry, the University of Kragujevac relies on its Collaborative Training Centre (CTC) and on its recent Center for Virtual Manufacturing (CeVIP), the latter founded in 2006 by the Mechanical Engineering Faculty. Both university units act as basic and highly specialized services provider to the Serbian industry. In line with its institutional mission, CTC and CeVIP support Serbian enterprises to become more innovative and competitive at the market by offering broad spectrum of services focused on advanced technologies and techniques of virtual development of products and process optimization. CAD/CAM/CAE2; RP/RT/RE technologies3; project management; advanced applications of digital/rapid technologies in product and process development; quality control and certification of products; innovative VM technologies; verification of design solutions through FE simulation4 for concurrent design and manufacture of automotive parts; improvement of existing products and processes; rank among the highly specialized services offered to the Serbian economy, particularly to the manufacturing and automotive industries. One of the activities of CTC centre within WBC-VMnet project was the development of methodology and the implementation of a comprehensive TSNA analysis (Training & Service Needs Analysis), which was carried out in all countries of the WBC region (Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro). The proposed methodology included 5 steps, in accordance with accepted EU TNA methodology. The research covered a sample of 49 enterprises in Serbia, 30 in Croatia, 30 in Montenegro and 15 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, from different sectors. Besides considering the needs of enterprises and their employees as regards missing trainings and advanced services in innovative development of products and processes, the research included the target group of the unemployed. TSNA results showed that a high percentage of the surveyed follows trends in their area, approximately 95%, mainly through the Internet, participation in trade fairs, professional literature and cooperation with universities (research teams, centers ...). Weak information about the trainings available in the region was detected, because more than 70% of the surveyed answered that they weren"t familiar with who carried out the trainings they needed, while only 17% declared that the trainings offered met their needs. 72% of managers plan their own development in the application of new technologies through collaboration with local teams of experts, and 96% of them would send their employees to trainings related to new technologies in the development of products and processes. About 90% of people surveyed thought it very important to have professional literature and software for the development of new products and services, and were planning to appear on new markets. The final result of TSNA (800 questionnaires in the field) is an insight into the real needs of enterprises, their employees, and labor market for the missing knowledge and skills, as well as specialized services in the development of products and processes. CTC offers vocational trainings for enterprises and unemployed . In line with idea of network knowledge and transfer technologies, CeVIP has established Virtual Manufacturing Network - VMnet as efficient industrial-science link, which has already more than 900 members from the WBC region (large companies, SMEs, R&D organizations, NGO, Agencies for SMEs, entrepreneurs, experts, managers, engineers, researchers, students etc.). Broaden of VMnet is supported by CTC within WBC-VMnet project. Network gathers 16 experts from area of production technologies, materials, information technologies, software development, numerical FE/FV simulation of production processes, rapid prototyping, reverse engineering, design and marketing, who offer support for companies in their R&D activities to implement new technologies, thus improving their competitiveness on the global market. Apart from expertise offered within VMnet, by this network enterprises would get quality, timely and inexpensive development cycle and may optimize the existing products and processes, as precondition for increasing of competitiveness on increasingly requiring market. VMnet network members regularly receive up-todate information via e-mail on the ongoing activities on projects, fairs, events, competitions, 15 electronic journals are also distributed). They also have access to Systematized knowledge base (150 documents on VM technologies, production, design, product development ...).